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The best way to figure out how to cite a source is to see what requirements the school or teacher has. There are several types of 'styles' that can be followed and each is just slightly different. There are hundreds of variations depending on what type of source you've used. It can get quite complicated.

Here is the basic information you'll need for most sources.
  • The Name of the Author
  • The Title of the Page, Book, or Article
  • The Name of the Publisher (or website sponsor)
  • Where the Book or Article was Published (Books & Articles Only)
  • The Date the Page, Book, or Article was Published/Copyrighted/Updated
  • The Date you used the Resource (Websites Only)
  • The Web Address (URL) of the WebPage you Used (Websites Only)
Now that you have the information you have to put it in the format required by your school/teacher or the style that you're using. Punctuation counts, so be very careful and pay attention to the location of commas and periods.

Here's an example for a book:
Author: Joe Smith
Title: California Missions
Publisher: Mouse Books
Where Published: San Francisco
When Published: 2006

Smith, Joe. Missions. San Francisco: Mouse Books. 2006.

The Author's Name is put last name then a comma and a space and then first name. The Title is either underlined or put in italics.

Websites are a bit different:
Author: Tricia Weber
Title: Mission San Carlos
Website Sponsor:
When Published/Copyrighted/Updated: 2006
The Date you Accessed the Site: September 5, 2006
The Web Address (URL):

Weber, Tricia. "Mission San Carlos." 2006. Accessed
      September 5, 2006. <

Websites rarely have all the information you will need. Usually the author is missing or there's no updated or copyright date on the page. The rule is, "If you don't have it, skip it." In the above example there isn't a company that sponsors this website so there's no need to put anything down.

Also, the web address will usually have to go onto two lines. If that happens make sure to split the web address after a slash or a dash--not in the middle of a word. The Web address should also have brackets <  > around it.

Note: You should usually have at least three pieces of information for a website: The title of the page, the date you accessed it, and the web address.

The different styles will have you put the items in a different order or will have spaces in different places. Make sure you check what format you should be using.

Good projects will have used at least three sources to list (each page counts as one source entry). List them in alphabetical order by whatever letter comes first. It doesn't matter whether the first word is an author's name or the title of a webpage.